IRAN AT A GLANCE

  • Official name: Islamic Republic of Iran
  • Head of State: President H.E. Dr. Hassan Rouhani
  • National Day: 11th of February (Islamic Revolution of Iran-1979)
  • Capital: Tehran
  • Area: 1,648,196 sq km
  • Land boundaries: 4,137 km
  • Sea boundaries: 2,700 km (Including the Caspian Sea)
  • River boundaries: 1,918 km
  • Border countries: Afghanistan, Azerbaijan (Nakhichevan), Armenia, Iraq, Pakistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan
  • Climate: Mostly arid or semi-arid, temperate along Caspian coast and mountainous temperate along west and north-west.
  • Natural resources: Petroleum,  natural  gas, coal, chromium, copper, iron ore, lead, manganese, zinc, sulfur
  • Land use (1998):
  • Arable land: 300,000 sq. Km (18.2%)
  • Meadows and pastures: 900,000 sq. Km (54.6%)
  • Forest and woodland: 120,000 sq. Km (7.3%)
  • Other: 258,000 sq. Km (15.7%)
  • Irrigated land: 70,000 sq. Km (4.2%)
  • Agricultural products: Wheat, rice, barley, potato, grains, sugar-beet, cotton, fresh & dried fruits, dates, pistachio, fruits, nuts,  poultry, meat, dairy products, wool; caviar, flowers and medicinal plants.
  • Population: 76.03 million (2012)
  • Population growth rate: 1.34% (2012)
  • Religions: Muslim (99.56%) and Zoroastrian, Christian & Jewish (0.44%)
  • Languages: Persian and Persian dialects, Azeri, Kurdish, Lori, Baloochi, Arabic
  • Literacy (2011): Total (84.2%)
  • Currency: Rial (IRR)
  • GDP: 448.2 billion US$ (2010)
  • GDP per capita: 6030 US$ (2010)
  • GDP growth rate: 6.4 % (2010)
  • Total Imports: 53451  million US $ (2012)
  • Total Exports: 98033 million US $ (2012)
  • Foreign Direct Investment: 4870 million US $ (2012)
  • Industries: Oil and gas, steel, aluminum, copper, electric and electronic equipment, cement & other building materials, metallurgy, home appliances, iron, textile, rugs and carpets, tapestry, miniature, ceramic, food processing (particularly sugar refining & vegetable oil production), petrochemicals, and car manufacturing & assemblies
  • Electricity: Production: 232,955 GWH (2010)
  • Transportation:
  • Railways networks: 12000 km (2013)
  • Road networks: 220000 km (2013)
  • Ports: 11 commercial ports
  • Airports: 54

About admin

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *